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Courtroom etiquette is the code that governs the conduct of persons in the courtroom. A trial is a solemn inquiry. This solemnity is maintained by the behavior of persons in the courtroom.

The first step in advocacy is to create a favorable impression.

1.Dress
Be sure you, your witnesses, and supporters are neatly dressed.

2.Terms of Address
Address others in the courtroom:
The judge as “Your Honor”;
The prosecutor by title and surname “Mr. Doe or Ms. Jones” or as Mr. or Madam Counsel.
The Officer as “Officer Lopez”;
The court clerk as “Mr. or Madam Clerk”
The witness by title and surname. If the witness is a child then by Miss or Mr. and surname or if the child consents then by first name.
Never refer to a person by first name only.

3.Decorum

Be on time. Go to the courtroom and stay there until your name is


Court Etiquette
called.
Go into the courtroom and remain there until your case is called.
Speak calmly and clearly. Do not interrupt others.
Stand when you speak and when the judge speaks to you.
Do not use slang unless it is a direct quote from the evidence and necessary for your submission.
Do not make facial expressions or gestures. This can be distracting and may give the judge a poor impression. Tell supporters not to do this.
Never give a document directly to a witness or the Judge. Tell the person you want him or her to look at a document and pass it to the Court Clerk.
Do not argue with the Judge. Once a Judge makes a decision do not try to re-argue or continue arguing.
If you do not understand a part of the proceeding then ask the Judge. He or she will explain the procedure and try to give you reasonable assistance.